Area : 20.815 km˛
Traffic Code: 07
the archaeological and natural riches of the area, Antalya
is also known as the Turkish Riviera. The sun, sea, nature
and history combine to form a very popular resort, highlighted
by some of the cleanest beaches in the Mediterranean. The
630km shoreline of the province is liberally scattered with
ancient cities, harbours, memorial tombs and beaches, secluded
coves and lush forests, many of which are easily accessible
from the city.
With its palm-lined boulevard, internationally-acclaimed
marina, and old castle with traditional architecture, all
set amidst a modern city, Antalya is a major tourist centre
in Turkey. In addition to the wide selection of hotels,
restaurants, bars, nightclubs and shops, the city also plays
host to a number of sporting events throughout the year,
like International Beach Volleyball, triathlon, golf tournaments,
archery, tennis and canoeing competitions. The Cultural
Centre, which opened in 1995, hosts cultural and art events
in the fields of music, theatre, and creative arts. The
main area of interest in the city is central old quarter
within the Roman walls, known as Kaleici, and there are
many good museums.
WHERE TO VISIT?
DISTRICTS: Akseki, Alanya, Elmali, Finike,
Gazipasa, Gundogmus, Ibradi, Kale, Kas, Kemer, Korkutali,
Kumluca, Manavgat and Serik are all towns in the province
After Alanya, Akseki is the oldest district in the province
of Antalya, and has an appearance that befits its location
in the rugged Taurus mountains, in a forested and very rocky
area. The history of Akseki extends back to the Roman era,
when it was known as Marla (Marulya), and has been continually
inhabited until the present day. The developments in the
tourism sector in the Antalya region in recent years have
been seen in Akseki as well. The area is well known for
the snowdrop flower, and every years sees local and foreign
visitors coming every winter to see these flowers breaking
through the snow, as the first sign of spring.
In the Giden Gelmez Mountains, goats are protected and limited
hunting is available year-round with the purchase of a license.
Another spot frequented by visitors is the trout farming
facilities in the villages of Sinan hoca and Gumusdamla.
The primary game in the area is mountain goat, rabbit, bear
Other areas worth visiting are the Goktepe Highland, Giden
Gelmez Mountains, Cimi Highland, Irmak Valley and the 340-metre
deep Bucaklan Cave, which has only recently been discovered.
Buildings of interest are the Ulu Camii and medreses.
The exact founding date of Elmali, which is located within
the borders of ancient Lycia, is unknown. Excavations to
the east at Karatas near the village of Semahoyuk, and to
the west in the village of Beyler indicate that the area
has been inhabited seen the Bronze Age.
Throughout history it has suffered the rising and falling
fortune of the Lycian region, being ruled respectively by
the Persian, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman
Tumuluses There are several tumuluses in nearby villages.
The first is west of the city in the village of Mugren,
on top of which sits a small fortress dating back to the
Roman era. Surface-level archaeological research indicates
that the area was inhabited in the Bronze Age by various
civilisations. Another village to the west, Semahoyuk, has
a tumulus but due to the fact that an Ottoman cemetery is
located on top of it, no research has been done. The third
and largest tumulus is in Beyler, south of the city on the
Elmali - Kas road. Excavations conducted here show that
the area has been continuously inhabited from the Bronze
Age right up to the present time. The items unearthed in
the excavations are exhibited in the Antalya Museum.
East of the city 6 km from the village of Elmali near the
village of Bayindir, there are several tumuluses side by
side. Artifacts dating back to the 7th century BC were unearthed
during the excavations. Now on display in a special section
of the Antalya Museum, these findings represent a cross-section
of life during that era. A statuette of pure silver and
two of ivory bear witness to the fact that the art of sculpture
in ancient Anatolia had reached a level of some sophistication.
Memorial Tombs There are tombs in Karaburun and Kizilbel.
The walls of the King's Tomb in Karaburun, on the Antalya
- Elmali road, is decorated with frescoes of scenes of hunting
and war. The tomb in Kizilbel is west of the city on the
Elmali - Yuvayol road, and is a single room made of limestone
Define Described as the Treasure of the Century, this was
discovered in 1984, just north of the Antalya - Elmali road
between the King's Tomb and the village of Gokpinar. Consisting
of 190 pieces of ancient silver coins, the treasure was
smuggled to America by antique treasure thieves. It is still
on display in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts as part of
a private collection. The Athens Decadrachme, 14 pieces
each worth US$600,000, is said to be the world's most valuable
Mosques The most interesting mosques in the area include
Selcuklu Camii, Kutuk Camii, Sinan-i Ummi Camii, Omer Pasa
Camii and medrese.
Located 67 km from Antalya, Korkuteli is surrounded by Antalya
on the east, Burdur to the north, Mugla to the southwest
and Elmali and Kumluca to the south. The effects of the
Mediterranean climate can be felt here in this region of
lakes but the further one goes inland, the more continental
the climate becomes with cold winters and hot summers.
3 km west of Korkuteli is the Alaaddin Mosque, only the
door of which is still standing. In the same area is the
Seljuk religious school which bears the name of its founde,r
and was built by El Emin Sinaeddin of the Hamidogullari
dynasty in 1319.
There are numerous ruins of ancient cities in the district
of Gundogmus, 182 km from Antalya. The important ruins are
those of Hagiasophia city, 7 km north of Guzel Bag Bucagi,
but no excavations have been conducted here. There are also
the ruins of Asar at Sumene (7 km from the city centre),
Kese (2 km east of the village of Senir) and Gedfi (11 km
southwest of Gundogmus).
Other places to visit in the area include the Cem Pasa Camii;
the ruins on top of Sinek Mountain, 15 km east of the city
centre between Gundogmus and Pembelik; and the ruins of
Kazayir at Tasagir, on the Gundogmus - Antalya highway.
Situated 180 km from Antalya, Gazipasa is a charming little
town with a beach 10 km long, beautiful forests and turquoise
blue coves. Iskele, the site of the Koru and Kahyalar beaches,
is an important breeding ground of the caretta caretta turtles.
Mostly undeveloped up until the present time, Gazipasa is
on its way to being an attractive tourist centre with accommodation,
recreation facilities, an airport and yacht harbour still
under construction, as well as the natural and historical
treasures of the area.
Antiocheia Ad Cragum 18 km east of Gazipasa, and within
the village of Guney, these ruins gets its name from the
Commagene King Antiochus IV, and are found on the three
hills that stretch out towards the sea. It has the ruins
of a castle dating back to the Roman and Byzantine era,
a column-lined boulevard, agora, baths, victory arch, a
church and the city necropolis. The barrel-vaulted memorial
tombs with their pre-entrance porticoes are well preserved
and reflect a style peculiar to the region.
Adanda (Lamos) This ancient city is located 15 km northeast
of Gazipasa, and was founded 2 km north of the present-day
village of Adanda, on top of a high and steep hill. It is
a walled city with a large tower south of the city gate,
and among the ruins are a fountain carved into the living
rock and two temples. Other significant ruins are the tombs
in the necropolis made of single pieces of carved stone.
These remains are a good representation of the culture and
art of the mountainous Cilician region.
Nephelis This ancient ruin can be reached by going through
the village of Muzkent 12 km out on the Gazipasa-Anamur
road and taking the gravel road south for about 5 km. The
southern area is surrounded by the sea and steep cliffs.
The city consists of the acropolis and the remains of dwellings
spread out in an east-west fashion. The only standing structures
date back to the Roman and Byzantine periods and include
a Medieval Castle, a temple, a musical hall, irrigation
system and the necropolis.
Selinus Located on the slopes southwest of Hacimusa Creek
by Gazipasa Beach, the ancient city of Selinus is one of
the most important cities in the mountainous Cilician region.
On top of the hill is the acropolis as well as the walls
and towers of a medieval castle, which are fairly well preserved.
In the Acropolis, a church and cistern have survived the
ravages of time. The other buildings of Selinus are near
the beach and on the slopes, among which are the baths,
agora, Islami Yapi (mansion), aqueducts and the necropolis.
Most of the bones in the Alanya Museum were brought from
the Necropolis and allow the workshop in the museum to exist.
Situated on the plane formed by the silt carried down from
the mountains by Alakir Creek and Gavur Brook, Kumluca is
surrounded by the towns of Finike and Elmali. In the upper
reaches of Alakir Creek fed by the springs coming from Onemli
Mountains and the Beydaglar Mountains, there are trout and